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  • Ruth Spencer (EJC)
    Ruth Spencer is a journalist, Editor, producer and hails from Montreal, Canada. She has worked for the European Journalism Centre since September 2008 and has edited all three rounds of TH!NK ABOUT IT. She has production experience in print media, theatre and broadcast television. She tweets via @thinkteam and is currently based in Toronto.
  • Guy Degen
    Guy Degen is an Australian freelance journalist and is based in Germany. He travels widely contributing stories to international broadcasters and is regularly commissioned by UN agencies as a multimedia producer. Guy writes for the Frontline Club blog and tweets via @fieldreports. Guy also trains journalists in multimedia skills and mobile journalism.


The historic charge of the mobile phone

Published 26th April 2010 - 5 comments - 3678 views -

Around 1910 a series of meetings was convened by the United States military to decide whether to fund the development of aircraft for use in warfare. At the time almost noone in a uniform believed aeroplanes had much military value. These people had built their careers surrounded by horses, battleships, canon and bayonets. Planes couldn't carry bombs, there weren't many places for them to land safely, they couldn't go far, and they couldn't carry significant cargo, let alone troops. It wasn't even possible to arm them with a gun, because the propeller got in the way. Put simply, the people in that room couldn't see the world that was coming.

We are just passing a similar moment. As we enter the second decade of the 21st Century, the number of people in the world trapped in poverty remains mind-blowing. Yet a dramatic development is happening beneath the surface that means that within 10 years, the organising capabilities of the South will be entirely different than they are today. The tool for change costs a tiny fraction of the price of an aircraft – it is the mobile phone.

Jeffrey Sachs of Columbia University’s Earth Institute gets straight to the point: "The mobile phone is the single most transformative tool for development." Organisations such as the World Bank agree - the transformation is already impacting the design and implementation of development programs.

It's something I'm seeing first-hand at, where we have the backing of the Dutch government to create completely new ways to showcase exactly where development aid is being spent. We're working to equip development projects with their own internet and mobile phone feeds, so people can fund projects more quickly, follow progress and share knowledge. The result is that people can lift themselves out of poverty, fast.

Rather like cars, which are portable and easily demonstrated to others once the infrastructure (roads) is in place, mobile phones are something that once you've seen one you tend to want one. Everyone who already has a mobile can't really imagine throwing it away - it's just so useful. And the more other people have them, the more useful yours becomes.

But it's important to realise that something else is coming that changes what the phone means - and how useful it will be.

Feeding the internet

Most people underestimate the change going on today because they see the phone as something distinct from, and completely unconnected to, the personal computer. For the developed world, phones dominated administration long before the advent of the computer, and the two have stayed pretty independent through the thirty years since desktop computers really started to enter the workplace. Even when mobile phones arrived in, say, Europe, they became a personal, private tool that was the epitome of independence.

There was never a question that what was discussed over the phone would become a matter of record - it didn't enter a database, or become part of an organisation's historical archives. But what's happening right now changes all this. Phones are becoming the tool of the status update - what people say through phones is starting to become part of a global archive. This is a really big deal. Gathering large numbers of short text updates, photos and video clips through mobiles, all in some way tagged with a location, or to an individual, or to a date, which can then be viewed on desktop computers or phones elsewhere, is what is powering the explosion in the use of 'social media' - tools like Facebook and Twitter, and now in developing countries services like Ushahidi, Frontline SMS and, I hope, Akvo.

On April 14th, the Library of Congress announced it would acquire the entire Twitter archive - all public Tweets ever sent, since March 2006, which is apparently billions of 140 character updates. Just like the aeroplane one hundred years earlier, the years 2010 to 2020 will set the pattern for the role phones and their ability to generate and share story feeds will play. They could flourish as tools of terror and repression or they can transform health and education, help get money into the hands of people who need it, and share development progress openly, in ways that break down corruption and empower communities. I sure know which I want it to be.

Mark Charmer is a co-founder of He is based in London.


  • Lara Smallman on 26th April 2010:

    Thanks Mark, this is really interesting.

    Mobile phones have had such a massive impact on our lives. Nobody could imagine life without them. As for giving them up for even day, I don’t think many of us would like that too much!

    One thing I would question is how affordable and accessible mobile technology is. Are developing countries as up-to-date with them as we are? And, to what extent are they an integral part of every day life, as they are here?

  • Tiziana Cauli on 26th April 2010:

    Interesting post Mark. What I find really amazing is the way in which mobile phones are making it easier for people living in rural areas in the developing world to access financial services such as international money transfers and the management of bank accounts. They have become extremely important for small entrepreneurial activities in these areas and I guess this is crucial for their economic development.

  • Andrea Arzaba on 26th April 2010:

    Great post! As Tiziana mentioned, it is quite amazing how mobile phones transform communities! It is an important tool for rural areas too, at least where they get a good, or sometimes any, signal (or available services)

    In Mexico we have a very rich diversity with varios indigenous groups and I still get amazed how they might be dressed up traditionally, they might be doing their job in the forest or at their corn fields but they will always have their mobiles with them…and when they speak they do it in their own traditional dialects! Amazing!

  • Maria Kuecken on 27th April 2010:

    Thanks, Mark.  It’s extremely interesting to watch the exponential spread of mobile technology.  And while there are inventors designing new models, it is fascinating to watch the work of innovators like Frontline SMS, Ushahidi, and Akvo which apply this technology creatively in ways that the inventors never imagined.

    To help answer Lara’s questions, mobiles are usually much more affordable than landlines. It’s so expensive for governments to install landline infrastructure in many rural areas that the money is spent instead on providing greater connectivity. And depending on the country, the pay-as-you-go minutes are pretty affordable for the average citizen.

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