Dear fellow bloggers,
in these days of conferences at the Graduate Study Programme of the United Nations in Geneva, we have met Mr. Kees Van Der Ree, Coordinator of the Green Jobs Programme of the International Labout Organization (ILO). The presentation focused on the Green Jobs: « Jobs are green when they help reducing negatuve environmental impact… »
Green Jobs are Decent Jobs: productive and gainful, equal opportunity, freely chosen, rights at work, minimum of social protection.
In the last 50 years, the productivity increased: labour +400%, Materials +200%, Energy +20%! There is a need, therefore, to catch up investing on energy efficiency.
Why should we care?
Collective global “rethinking” of development and business models; governments looking for ways to stimulate economy; significant momentum for transition to a green economy (there’s concern and will, COP15). In other words, green jobs are part not of the green economy we are going to, but of the new economy we are going to (that will be a green eonocmy).
Our consumption and production model→ CC and fewer resources.
Drivers of change towards a new economy, that will be green: physical effects, regulations, demand for resources, competition, public opinion and political will, CSR (collective social responsibility) collective bargaining and consumer preferences.
Which drivers are more important and in what situation?
That’s what we have to find out, in order to implement a green economy!
A country affected by physical effects is not concerned in the same way than others which are much more affected by the public opinion or business management.
Public opinion and CSR are minor factors, they really change according the country.
No single factor/driver can play alone, we have to think of a mix.
High potential sectors for Green Jobs:
Mobility, Energy (efficiency in buildings, industry and transport ≠ renewable energies), waste management (improve collection, recycling, reduction), sustainable agriculture and forestry, environmental services.
It’s profitable, it creates jobs (not a high educational job and could be part time and for women too)! But it’s not often a nice job, so it’s a challenge too, improving the situation and efficiency of waste workers.
CC = potential, it’s a new profitable market!
Green Economy and Green Jobs:
Ex. Germany case in 2020: more jobs (even more with more renewable energies) - outputs and inputs affect of the greener economy on green jobs.
Untapped potential: Greening the work places:
Social dialogue and decent work.
Green jobs creation can be: systemic (energy efficiency, eco-tax) and targeted (rural, local, poverty, low-skilled)
Green jobs creation not automatic // policy coherence: Economy-energy-industry-environment, Employment-social development, … with new human resources and new skills development.