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Ana Silva
Student (Coimbra,Portugal)

Undergraduate student of International Relations, with special interest on gender studies, European Union, international organisations and theories of IR, among other things. I will focus essentially on MDGs, as I consider these to be a very important "feature" that embodies the most important premises of the international system at the present time. They are probably going to fail, but even so we ought to call for the conscience of everybody, so that people become aware of what is being done by their national governments concerning the problems that ultimately affect each and every one of us.


Target 8.C: Landlocked & small islands developing countries

Published 12th June 2010 - 0 comments - 1385 views -


Target 8.C: Landlocked & small islands developing countries


I. Principles of action:


“Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and Small Island developing States (through the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States and the outcome of the twenty second special session of the General Assembly).”

II. Criticisms:

Not much is said concerning this topic, probably because it refers to a very specific reality that does not comprehend a significant portion of the world’s population. What is more, it appears between two substantial issues that comprise development aid and debt relief and whose indicators are rather well defined. In the case of target 8.C, on the contrary, no specific aims are defined, which makes it difficult to assess the conditions of success or failure of the outcomes.


III. Progress: 

The existing indicators to evaluate this target’s progress are based on the proportion of ODA received by the countries in terms of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP). OECD data show that by 2007 small island developing countries were receiving some 2 to 2,5 billion dollars in ODA per year, amounting to approximately 3% of their GDP. On the other hand, the proportion of allocated ODA to landlocked states hasn’t changed much over time, accounting for 11,3 billion US dollars in 2007. What is more, the United Nations General Assembly has realized that most of the ODA reaching these landlocked states takes the form of emergency aid (whether humanitarian aid and food emergency supplies), while development aid invested in transport, infrastructures or communications has remained unchanged over the last five years. Besides the data, not much additional information is provided in UN reports, nor are there any further pledges for the undertaking of measures in order to meet the target, and no specific definitions are presented in terms of what is aimed.


Category: Aid | Tags:


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