Recently, I've been in the northern part of Jordan, and I had the opportunity to talk to some bedouins as well as to some experts in the development of that area. An important issue for many NGOs dealing with development and bedouins is whether that could be done while retaining the bedouins' traditions.
In the Badia region, in the north of Jordan, live only a small part of the Jordanian population, even if this region covers 3/4 of the Kingdom. The Badia is inhabitated by more than 15.000 bedouins, and their situation is taken into account by the NGOs working in this region. Develop this area doesn't mean only deal with its natural resources, but also with its population. In the last decades, some projects dealing with this population failed because they were aiming in "improving" the life of this population through settling them and forcing them in changing their habits, teaching them "how to become" sedentary. In Jordan, some bedouins have been integrated into the urban life, but the majority prefer their nomadic style of life: moving across the borders in search of grazing land to feed heards of sheep. For this reason, a good project would be to focus on the fight of the raising desertification in the region. This could have a good impact on the bedouins, that will still have the opportunity to keep on with their nomadic style of life, while staying in the same area (and not moving far away from this Jordanian region). In effect, the life of the bedouins in this region is strictly linked to that of their animals; therefore, it has to be fought against desertification, that would not let any grazing land to the bedouins to feed heards of sheep.
In the picture the Queen Rania of Jordan with some bedouins of the Badia region